Olga A. Zolotnikova külalisloengud kreeka religioonist
12.-14. novembril on TÜ ajaloo ja arheoloogia instituudi külalisena Tartus Antiik-Kreeka religiooniga seotud teemadel külalisloenguid pidamas Dr. Olga A. Zolotnikova Küprose Avatud Ülikoolist (Ανοικτό Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου / Open University of Cyprus). Loengud ja seminarid toimuvad inglise keeles. Kõik huvilised on oodatud!
Tuesday, November 12
18:15 at Jakobi 2-114
"Practice of divination (modes of prophesy) in the sanctuary of Zeus in Dodona"
The lecture / seminar will present the prophetic activity of the sanctuary of Zeus in Dodona as it is indicated by the ancient sources (references of the ancient authors and inscriptions on the lamellas discovered in the sanctuary). The sanctuary at Dodona was famous in antiquity as a place where people could get divine responses to their questions on various private and public matters. The sanctuary seems to have emerged in the Early Bronze Age as a typical Indo-European sacred place focused on a "wise", "talking" oak attended by special group of primitive priests. Sacred oak sayings were the earliest form of the oracular responses in Dodona; this mode of prophecy was maintained till Late Antiquity; ancient people believed that the sacred oak expressed the will of Zeus.
In historic time, divine answers were also given in form of signs and as lots, but the exact procedure is not certain. The oracle at Dodona was served by a group of priests and several categories of priestesses, while the former and the latter seem to have performed different functions in the prophetic activities of the sanctuary. Several types of the prophetic behavior practiced by the Dodonean priests and priestesses are traced in the available sources: direct contact with "divine wisdom", prophecy by intuition, ecstatic prophecy, and technical prophecy (cleromancy, interpretation of signs, interpretation of sacrifices). The main prophesying deity in Dodona from the time of Homer was Zeus; however, other gods and goddesses could be inquired in Dodona as well (as Apollo, Themis, Diona, etc.). Remarkably, not only questions, but also some "divine answers" have been read on the lamellas found in the sanctuary. The material will be presented and commented.
Wednesday, November 13
14:15 at Jakobi 2-230
"Dionysos and Ariadne – the archaeology of the myth"
The lecture and the discussion expected to follow will focus on the myth about Dionysos and Ariadne: various versions and the representations of the myth, of which the central part was their sacred marriage, will be considered. The meaning implied in this myth, as well as the related cults based on the concept of Dionysos and Ariadne marriage and actually practiced in various parts of the Greek world will be discussed.
Wednesday, November 13
16:15 at Jakobi 2-230
"Gorgon – a prehistoric Greek goddess of nature"
The seminar is intended to present and to discuss the material on Gorgon - a monstrous female deity in Classical Greek mythology, who, however, was quite venerable and represented a terrifying / protecting hypostasis of the great prehistoric goddess of nature. Traces of her worship go back to Minoan religious tradition of the second millennium BC.
Thursday, November 14
12:15 at Ülikooli 18-228
"Near-Eastern elements in the epic concept of Zeus"
The seminar / lecture is to discuss the Near-Eastern impact on the formation of the epic / mythic image of Greek Zeus. The features in the Homeric image of Zeus, which present close similarities to certain characteristics of the Near-Eastern gods, will be indicated. Also, the mechanism and the chronology of the appearance of the Near-Eastern elements in the mythological concept of Zeus will be considered.