漢語hanyu, 中文 zhongwen, 中國話 zhongguohua
The courses start on the first academic week and last for 15-16 weeks (see the academic calendar).
Click on the course to see the time-tables, course descriptions, requirements etc in the study information system. You can find the time-table of the course by clicking on the “Event” button under the name of the course.
Language courses on the basis of English:
- HVLC.08.012 Chinese for Beginners I, Level 0 > A1.1 (6 ECTS)
- HVLC.08.013 Chinese for Beginners II, Level A1.1 > A1.2 (6 ECTS)
- HVLC.08.014 Chinese for Beginners III, Level A1.2 > A2.1 (6 ECTS)
The courses are generally free of charge for the students of the University of Tartu and for students from other Estonian higher education institutions (See which institutions and universities have a partnership with the University of Tartu).
Visiting students from foreign higher education institutions need to pay for their language courses only if they are fee-paying students at the University of Tartu. In case of the latter, consult with the foreign student office regarding the credit point costs and conditions.
With more than 1.2 billion people who speak Chinese as their first language, Chinese has the largest number of native speakers in the world. It is native to the People’s Republic of China, Taiwan and Singapore and has a sizeable diaspora in Southeast Asia. Varieties of Chinese can be as diverse as an entire language family. The standardised form of Chinese is also called Mandarin or putonghua.
Written Chinese is easily distinguished by Chinese characters called hanzi 漢字. Each character represents either a word or a morpheme and is pronounced as monosyllabic. There are more than 60 000 Chinese characters, but knowing approximately 3000-4000 of them is sufficient to speak Chinese on an intermediate level.
Spoken Chinese uses mainly monosyllabic words with fixed word stress. Tones are used to distinguish words. While some dialects have only four tones, others can have up to nine tones. Noun words in Chinese lack both gender and declension and verbs don’t differentiate between tenses. Grammatical links are determined by word order and auxiliary words.
A person’s surname always comes first in Chinese names.