The courses start on the first academic week and last for 15-16 weeks (see the academic calendar).
Click on the course to see the time-tables, course descriptions, requirements etc in the study information system. You can find the time-table of the course by clicking on the “Event” button under the name of the course.
Language courses on the basis of English:
- HVLC.08.016 Korean for Beginners I, Level 0 > A1.1 (6 ECTS)
The courses are generally free of charge for the students of the University of Tartu and for students from other Estonian higher education institutions (See which institutions and universities have a partnership with the University of Tartu).
Visiting students from foreign higher education institutions need to pay for their language courses only if they are fee-paying students at the University of Tartu. In case of the latter, consult with the foreign student office regarding the credit point costs and conditions.
The Korean language is spoken by about 50 million people in South Korea, about 24 million people in North Korea, and about 6 million people overseas (mostly from China, the United States, and the former Soviet Union). However, these days, those numbers are growing. As Korea’s political standing has gained importance on a global scale, so has its economical standing, due to its technology giants, Samsung and LG. Combined with the spread of the Hallyu Wave, more and more people around the world are becoming interested in learning Korean.
Hangeul (the Korean alphabet) was invented in 1443, by King Sejong, who was the 4th King in the Joseon Dynasty. At that time, the Korean language existed but only orally. There was no written means to transcribe the Korean language. Therefore, Korean scholars had to learn and use Chinese characters whenever they wanted to write. However, the Chinese language is different from the Korean language and has different sounds, therefore King Sejong invented Hangeul so the Korean people could both speak and write in Korean. Thus in 1446, King Sejong distributed his newly created Hangeul alphabet, then called ‘Hunminjeongeum’ so people could use it easily.
Hangeul is a perfect phonetic alphabet, which is made up of 24 letters (10 basic vowels and 14 basic consonants). The consonants represent the shape of the mouth when the letter is pronounced, and the vowels are made up of the three orders of heaven, earth and man, according to the principle of Yin and Yang.
10 Basic Vowels:
ㅏ ㅓ ㅗ ㅜ ㅡ ㅣ ㅐ ㅔ ㅚ ㅟ
14 Basic Consonants:
ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ
ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ
The Korean language genetically belongs to the Altaic language family, and the basic syntactic structure is SOV (subject-object-predicate), which is a verb-final language. The Korean language is an agglutinative language, so many particles attach to the nouns like prepositions in English, and the verbs are formed through agglutination. That is, the endings of the verb stem have grammatical functions. The Korean language is a discourse-oriented language because some grammatical elements, such as subjects, objects, and particles, are often omitted in discourse but the sentence is understood in context. Moreover, the Korean language has a very developed honorific system that is related to socio-cultural criteria and the Korean collective way of thinking.